They ruin shoes, are aesthetically ill-favored, and in many cases when not treated, can become painful: bunions. An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe. Bunions are formed when tight shoes, an injury or hereditary bone structure push the big toe towards the other toes. Over time, the joint of the big toe expands and becomes painful, often leading to mobility problems, like difficulty walking or performing normal daily tasks. When it comes to your feet, says a professional podiatrist montclair ca residents should be more proactive because bunions can lead to additional problems with the feet, like hammertoes or bursitis.
Most people experience pain, especially in the early stages of developing bunions. The pain caused by the growth of the bone is produced by the irritation of a vascular nerves that runs through the lateral zone of the big toe. Also, the structural and mechanical alteration that leads to the deviation of the bone causes pain.
Bunions More Common In Women
Bunions are also more frequent among women, because there is a direct relationship with the type of footwear worn. Specifically, shoes with narrow toes and high heels contribute greatly to bunions. Podiatrists says it is possible to diminish the development of this deformity if comfortable and wider shoes are worn, so that the toes are not compressed, or their mobility is limited. The correct shoe to prevent the appearance of the bunions must have a wide toe, rigid buttress and no more than two inches of heel, say podiatrists. And flip-flops, and shoes without any type of support is never recommended.
What Treatments Are Available for Bunions?
When the bunion has already started to protrude, there are different methods for its treatment. In early stages doctors can use silicone supports to correct the position of the toes. The silicone prosthetic can align the toes or protect areas that suffer from forced friction or pressure.
There are also exercises, in the early stages to prevent the disease from advancing. Surgery becomes a necessary option for patients who have not been successful with conservative treatments. This often means filing down the bony protrusion or cutting the bone to improve its alignment.
The type of intervention will depend on the state of the joint, any presence of osteoarthritis in the joint, the symptoms, the size of the deformity and the age of the patient. Doctors points out, in some cases, surgery becomes the only valid resource to fight bunions, and a pathology can help diagnose the appearance of any other disorders.
Proactively Using At-Home Treatments to Prevent Bunions
Doctors say try to do stretching exercises for the feet and toes, which can help slow or even stop the progression of bunions, preventing you from eventually requiring surgery. Also, it’s important to wear low-heeled shoes that have the proper width for your feet. This will relieve any pressure on the bones. Lastly, wear a bunion pad or an insert in the shoe to re-align your toes. This will alleviate any pressure and point the toes in the proper direction.