Cleft palates are thought to be more common birth defects in infants in third world countries. Though third world countries tend to see more babies born with mental and physical issues than more developed countries, it is not rare for children born in developed countries like the United States to have health issues. One of these issues relates to cleft palates. Around twenty thousand infants are born annually in the United States who are diagnosed with having a cleft palate.
Oral malformations include both cleft palates and cleft lips. When a cleft palate or cleft lip occurs in an infant, it typically happens during the early parts of a pregnancy. Cleft palates and cleft lips form because of a lack of tissue in the lip or mouth. The lack of tissue causes s split in the lip once the baby is born. A cleft lip is a split in the lip and splits up to the nose. It affects the jaw bones. A cleft palate is a split that happens in the roof of the mouth. Cleft lips and cleft palates can be found on one side of the mouth or both sides. In some cases, a person may have a cleft palate without a cleft lip or vice versa.
One out of seven hundred infants born every year will have either a cleft palate or cleft lip. This defect is the fourth most common birth defect in babies born in the United States. This defect happens to be more common than what people believe. Both female and male babies can have this. Babies of Asian, Native American and Latino descent tend to experience this more so than babies of other ethnicities.
Currently, there is no cure for having a cleft palate while the infant is still in the womb. But there are methods, treatments and surgeries that help get rid of cleft palate once a baby is born. Surgical centers in developed countries tend to have the professionals, equipment and means for this advanced type of surgery. You can find a Cleft palate New York City NY doctor that has what is needed to repair a cleft palate or cleft lip in a person.
Researchers have not yet discovered why cleft lips and cleft palates occur in unborn children. There are some theories that may explain why this defect happens. Genetic and environmental factors is what researchers think that cause this defect in babies. Clefting is more common in babies that have a sibling with this disorder or other relatives. Certain medications taken by the mother who is pregnant with the baby could lead to clefting in the unborn infant. Toxic chemical sand viruses could also cause clefting. Researchers suggest that clefting cold be part of another disorder or illnesses in the infant.
Because this occurs in unborn children, it is best to get ultrasounds to check for this disorder in an infant. Sometimes an ultrasound cannot detect clefting very early on. A physical examination after the birth will determine clefting.